Harihara I


Harihara I
(?-1355)
   Harihara and his brother Bukka were origi-nally in the service of the Kakatiya ruler of Warangal. Later they joined the ruler of Kampili and, on the annexation of that principal-ity to the Delhi sultanate, were taken prisoners and carried to Delhi. In 1336, Muhammad bin Tughlaq allowed them to return to Kampili, where they started a rebellion. In the course of this rebel-lion, the city of Vijayanagar was founded on the bank of the Tungabhadra River. Within a decade or so, the two brothers estab-lished their control over the whole valley of Tungabhadra. This was achieved by carrying on a ceaseless war against the Bahmani king-dom, the sultanate of Madurai, as well as against the remnants of the Hoyasala kingdom. By the time Harihara I died in 1355, the process of assimilation of Hoyasala chiefs in the Vijayanagar Empire and of dismemberment of the Madurai sultanate had been completed. There is no evidence indicating that Harihara I ever assumed royalty, but he was certainly the founder of the first dynasty that ruled in Vijayana-gar down to 1487.

Historical dictionary of Medieval India. . 2011.

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